At Edudemic, Jeff Dunn describes How To Get Students Excited To ‘Do’ Science. It’s not as complicated as you might think:
Citizen science programs allow students to participate in real science. To date, students in the GLOBE Program have contributed more than 100 million measurements to the program’s database, creating meaningful, standardized, multi-national professional-grade data sets that can be used in support of university-level scientific research. Scientists at NASA, NOAA and NSF develop the program’s protocols, ensuring students are participating in rigorous, relevant education. Not only do programs like GLOBE foster the next generation of scientists and STEM leaders, but also help students develop critical thinking skills that will benefit them for the rest of their lives.
There are two major principles that make the GLOBE program Dunn writes about such a success:
It lets students do something real.
It lets them really do it.
That second point is key. So many “hands-on” exercises have students performing a simulation of a real experience. Here the students are really doing the measuring and reporting, collecting data that will be used for ongoing research.
As motivating and fun as games and simulations may be, they are by definition at least a step removed from the actual experience. Students are more highly engaged when they are doing something real (and when they are the ones really doing it) in part because of the satisfaction that naturally emerges from accomplishing anything. Learning to use a new tool to perform a particular task is especially rewarding because we get both the satisfaction of accomplishment and the boost that comes along with performing the task better in some way. This is another way of saying that if the tool doesn’t enhance our ability to perform a task, there is no point in using it. The reason technology exists in the first place is to increase our capability. A car, for example, increases how fast and how far we can move. Or a calculator increases how quickly we can come up with the answer to a complicated math problem.
When we provide students with tools that make them even more effective at doing something real, we are firing on all cylinders. Make those things happen in concert and you have a highly engaged classroom.
(Photo by Deutsche Fotothek.)
At Teachthought, Terry Heick writes about The Only Thing You Need To Be A 21st Century Teacher. It’s probably no what you think:
The reality is, in 2013 there are an incredible variety of digital tools, learning models, and supporting data to suggest a thousand different approaches to preparing students for the work of their lives. That may be the defining characteristic of learning early in the 21st century learning.
If nothing else, every classroom should be an highly curious, question-based, connected and joyful petri dish of learning experimentation, adaptation, and change.
It could well be that embracing rapid change is the most important skill that we can help our students develop. Learning to recognize and respond to new possibilities as they emerge has always been an important skill, but never more so than in what has been described as both the age possibility and the age of capability. The two go hand in hand. An environment rich in possibility is one where students truly can unlock their own potential. We have to help them expand not only their view of the world, but their view of themselves and the role they can play in the world.
All implementations of technology for education should be evaluated with this challenge in mind.
Photo by Commander John Bortniak, NOAA Corps
That is the question.
At Edutopia, Beth Holland is taking a hard stance against students citing Google as a research source (which makes sense) and against using it to find things (which doesn’t make all that much sense.)
The part that makes sense is helping students to understand that Google is not a source of information per se, and that it must never be cited as such. Students need to understand whether what they are looking for is a definition of a term, an overview of a topic such as might be found in an encyclopedia, or more in-depth information such as might be found in a book on the particular subject. When you type a search term into Google, it will bring back an unfiltered combination of those things.
So what to do? Well, the obvious answer is to eschew Google.
Holland tells this story:
While on my Google tirade, I happened into a kindergarten class. In the midst of exploring dinosaurs, one little girl asked a question that the teacher didn’t know. “Let’s Google it,” the teacher suggested to the student. Unable to contain myself, I jumped in and showed the student how to access World Book Kids - which not only had information at a lower reading level, but also included text-to-speech.
That’s great! But I can’t help but wonder — where would the harm have been if the kindergarten teacher had been allowed to go ahead and use Google and had entered a somewhat more refined search than just, say “dinosaurs,” something more along the lines of dinosaur information for kids.
Of course, citing Google as a source makes no sense. It would be like citing the card catalog as a source. And kids need to understand the differences between the various sources of information they are accessing. Still, whatever those sources are — Google is a great way of getting to them…if you use it properly. Strategic use of search engines is an important life skill (much less educational or research skill) for kids these days. Do we really want to put artificial constraints around how they go about finding information so that things will be more like they were in years gone by?
Search engines get us to the sources of information in a very different way than the research tools of the past. But this is as much a feature as it is a bug. Let’s work on a developing a new set of skills to make the best use of resources available. Google can be an extremely able research assistant if given the right instructions.
At Edudemic, Holly Clark presents 5 Amazing Ways To Collaborate With Another Class. The list includes excellent ideas such as Mystery Skyping and using Youtube as a means of communication between two classes situated in very different time zones. One that particularly got my attention is the 100 Word Blog Challenge:
It is a weekly creative writing challenge for children under 16 years of age. Each week a prompt is given, which can be a picture or a series of individual words and the children can use up to 100 words to write a creative piece. This should be posted on a class blog and then linked to the 100 Word Challenge blog. The link is usually open from midnight on Wednesdays until midnight the following Tuesdays.
The Blog Challenge lets groups of students work from the same starting place, with each participant producing a unique piece inspired by the start. The Blog Challenge folks suggest pursuing it in conjunctuion with another item from Holly Clark’s list, Quadblogging:
As the name implies, a QuadBlog involves four classes blogging together with one class blogging while the other three comment – all classes take turns being the main contributor. This is empowering because you know the kids will have an authentic audience for their blog.
I would love to see QuadBlogging used with a tool like BoomWriter, which allows classes to collaboratively author a book. In the normal sequence of events, students submit and vote on chapters to decide how the story would develop. The students vote to select one submission as the official chapter, then begin writing the next chapter to build on the one that was selected. This normally takes place within a single classroom. An interesting alternative would be to have one class do the writing while another class (or three others if we’re following the QuadBlogging model) does the reviewing and chapter selecting.
Or what if two classes were working on the same book at the same time? It would be interesting to see how differently the story unfolds with a different class doing the writing. One way to capitalize on these differences would be to have the classes select next chapters for each other. In other words, each time a class selects a chapter, it becomes the official next chapter for the other class they are participating with. So both classes begin writing from the same story start. Class A and Class B each write and select an official chapter 2. Now class A has to write chapter 3 using class B’s chapter 2 as a point of departure — and vice versa.
This would represent true collaboration between classes.
Dan Myer explains real-world math and how technology can enable students to engage conceptually with even the most abstract of subjects.
The Digits are not only “the galaxy’s greatest unknown rock band,” they are the heart of an interactive game environment that teaches math skills via “submersive storytelling.”
Writing at EdTech Digest, Scotty Iseri (creator of the Digits) talks about two important ways that his game makes the best possible use of technology as applied to storytelling:
1) Narrative Interactivity: The Digits Episodes have more than one ending. But itʼs not a simple “Choose Your Own Adventure” style of storytelling. The different branches of the story are determined by gaming elements that blend seamlessly into the narrative. The viewer becomes the player and actively engages in the storyline, and has to put their math knowledge to use. When the player fails at a given task, a different branch of the story tree is launched wherein the player gets a chance to practice to try again.
2) Community interactivity. For all intents and purposes, we consider our characters “real”. You can write Gorgolax an email. You can leave a comment on our YouTube channel for Ray Ray to answer. Heck, you can even do a live video chat with our characters. Modern audiences are used to having access to the tellers of tales, whether through @replies or Facebook posts. By treating our characters as real, we allow the audience some direct access to them. And more importantly, we respond.
In providing this kind of shared experience for its users, The Digits serves as another good example of a sandbox — a shared social space for learning. Having students engage with the story itself is key, making them co-creators of the experience rather than just passive observers or recipients of the intended message.
It’s interesting to note the role that storytelling can play in developing math skills. Math is the M in STEM, after all, yet we don’t think of storytelling as being a core STEM skill. Once again, a whole new literacy is being introduced — one that challenges not only our assumptions about the relationship between text and visuals but perhaps even our assumptions about the relationship between numbers and words. Sure, there have always been “word problems” and “story problems” in math, but the Digits takes that idea to a whole new level. Check it out:
At the Langwitches Blog, Karin Hallett tells how she turned a group of first graders into authors by changing an assignment from producing a traditional report to one of writing a book. She lists the following benefits of the exercise:
- from handing in paper reports to sharing eBook/pdf files with the world
- from consuming information to creating and remixing their own information
- from using and printing out photos and illustrations to properly citing digital and analog sources and creating their own illustrations
- from working in one medium (paper/markers/pencils) to building fluency between media and apps.
- from “handing” in an animal report to a teacher to uploading and embedding their creation to their blogfolio as an artifact of their learning in this particular moment in time
I would take issue with that second point — student can’t write much of a report if he or she is acting only as a consumer of information — but otherwise this is a great story about expanding students’ horizons by providing them a new kind of creative challenge and a new space to work in.
There is a lost to be said for introducing the idea of authorship early on. We are quickly moving from a model wherein the product of education is a set of test scores and credentials to one where the product is an electronic portfolio of student achievement. These first-graders have gained valuable experience in the end-to-end creation of an information product. And they have a nice addition to their own portfolios to show for it, as you can see here.
Like it or not, today everyone is called on to be an author, an editor, a photographer, a producer, a director, and so many other things. The opportunities are tremendous, but so are the challenges. Getting students oriented around these many roles as early as possible makes a lot of sense.